A Guide to What a Disclaimer Should Include

A Guide to What a Disclaimer Should Include

Generally, a disclaimer specifies the scope of obligations and rights that can be exercised and enforced in a legally recognized relationship. In general, disclaimers refer to situations that involve risk, waiver, or uncertainty.

It contains privately arranged and mutually agreed upon terms and conditions in a contract, or it may be a warning for the general public (or any other class of people) to fulfill a duty of care in order to prevent the unreasonable risk of harm or injury. If an injury or harm has already occurred, a disclaimer could limit your exposure to damages. 

Document disclaimers are used in several fair use disclaimers in India. In general, these disclaimers state that the contents of the document are private and confidential.

Disclaimers vary based on uniformity. Depending on the context and parties involved, disclaimers may differ, although some may strictly follow uniform and established formalities that are rarely, if ever altered. When a legal dispute arises, a formal disclaimer may be required to qualify for protection under a safe harbour, industry regulation, or other circumstance. 

If a legal dispute arises, the disclaimer’s terms don’t have to be enforced or even recognised if a legally binding document contains a disclaimer. The disclaimer could be rendered void in part or in its entirety due to other legal considerations. 

In law, disclaimers are a statement denying responsibility for a specific omission or act in order to avoid civil liability. Often, disclaimers are framed as a safeguard against negligence and the liability of occupiers towards visitors. When the law allows exclusion of liability and the acts or omissions complained of fall within the disclaimer’s wording, the courts may not consider the disclaimer.

In a disclaimer, one party makes the disclaimer and the other party cannot sue under the disclaimer. It is common for software disclaimers to appear at the time of first installation, such as the ‘terms and conditions associated with its use.’ In general, this will contain a clause absolving the user of all liability for any damage caused to their hardware and software by the software. By clicking ‘I Agree,’ a user accepts the disclaimer as part of a contract with the software company. 

A Disclaimer Should Specify What?

The following points need to be gathered for your information:

* Provide a list of the services or goods you provide. You might provide tangible or intangible goods, or both

* Find out what liabilities you may be subject to

* Make a list of all the rights you need to protect

* Legal disclaimers come with limitations.

Here is a list of what you should include in your disclaimer to protect yourself from being sued for something you did not do.  

Limit your liability for both intangible and tangible products and services

As an example, if you are selling cricket balls, you should draft an agreement that explicitly states the customer is responsible for its use.

Make sure your rights are protected

The disclaimer must protect the provider’s rights in the product and warn others against violating those rights. The disclaimer usually contains a clause. Here is an example of a disclaimer of liability for a website that provides information:

The material and information on this website are provided for informational purposes only. Make no legal, business, or other decisions based on the information or material on this website.

Third-party liability should be limited

Third party liability should be limited in cases where the business uses outside vendors or has a social media page or website that welcomes public comments. For instance, a disclaimer for an event management company must state that the business holds no responsibility for contractors who fail to fulfill their duties.

Provide both a privacy policy and a terms and conditions statement

You and the business are clearly outlined in the Terms and Conditions section. The disclaimer protects you from liability if the customer does not follow the terms and conditions. An example would be a company that sells magnifying glasses. In its terms and conditions, the company could specify that it is not responsible for its improper use by the customer. 

Information about Contact

Contact information, even if it is just an e-mail address, enables customers to reach you. In addition to assisting with queries/complaints, this will also help generate business. Customers and potential customers should be able to reach you easily. 

Disclaimers that are easily visible

Place the disclaimer so that it catches the eye, rather than having people hunt for it. Likewise, it could be important that the customer views the disclaimer statement and acknowledges it, just as software companies do. 


 If you offer a service or product, or both, then you should consider a disclaimer as a set of statements that cover your full liability. Additionally, it should inform the customers about any possible hazards or risks associated with the product. 

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