Individuals are entitled to choose their gender regardless of caste or creed. Transsexuals prefer a medical transition to another sex when they feel their identity does not correspond to their birth gender.
It involves surgeries that help people adjust to their gender identity. A majority of people who undergo gender confirmation surgery report improving their mental health and quality of life.
How Does Gender Confirmation Surgery Work?
A Gender Confirmation Surgery, or Gender Reassignment Surgery, helps individuals suffer from gender dysphoria to permanently change their body parts.
Males, for example, will take anti-androgens and estrogen to appear feminine. Other hormones, such as thyroid hormones, can also alter an individual’s appearance.
An individual born as a male may undergo surgery to remove his or her testicles, penis, and prostate gland. The penis tissue is used to create a clitoris and vagina, which have sensations. Scrotum tissue is used for the labia (the lips across the vagina). The urethra is shortened. Following the surgery, the individual uses a vaginal dilator to keep the vagina open.
Individuals who have cosmetic surgery do it to make themselves appear more feminine, such as breast implants, lips, eyes, and noses.
Surgery for reversing a male’s sex to a female’s
An inversion vaginoplasty coupled with a neurovascular neo clitoris is performed as part of the process.
A sensate neo-vagina is created by utilizing the original penis’ parts. Orchiectomy removes the testicles, reconstructs the labia and neoclitoris using scrotum skin, and preserves the urethra.
It offers both functional and aesthetic female genitalia in a four- to five-hour operation. As part of the surgical consultation, an individual will be informed about the recovery course, the process details, potential complications, and expected results.
Sex reassignment from female to male
An attractive phallus and an urethra are constructed for the purpose of allowing you to urinate while standing during female-to-male sex reassignment surgery. The procedure is performed concurrently with vaginectomy or hysterectomy and includes the construction of a phallus and urethra. A second stage involves building the scrotum with testicular implants. During the surgical consultation, the recovery course, the process, and the risks will be discussed.
Do All People Need Gender Confirmation Surgery?
Some people are content with hormone treatment or are content with gender dysphoria without having gender confirmation surgery. Gender reassignment surgery is a significant decision that cannot be undone. Gender confirmation surgery follows international guidelines. Before having surgery, you should take the following steps:
- It’s been a while since I had gender dysphoria
- Put forward consent and make an educated decision
- In India, over 18 years of age
- Maintain good mental and physical health
Gender reassignment surgery requires hormones for 12 consecutive months. If you are planning a surgery for gender confirmation, counseling is usually recommended. You might also need to live with your gender identity for 12 consecutive months.
Patients with gender dysphoria may benefit from gender reassignment surgery, which is important medically and often makes them feel happy and satisfied after surgery.
Inquire with your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of gender reassignment surgery. Gender reassignment surgery can only do so much and you may not be satisfied with how you look afterward.
Ask your surgeon the following questions:
- How do I choose a surgical procedure?
- Is there a downside to each procedure?
- How will it work?
- Is there a risk or complication?
How does Gender Confirmation Surgery work?
Keep all appointments with your doctor. If it is your first vagina, you may need vaginal dilators very frequently. You may also need continuous hormones. Those who have had gender confirmation surgery may experience discrimination or social isolation. Staying confident will help you overcome social stigmas. If you feel depressed or anxious after the surgery, talk to your surgeon.
Surgery for gender confirmation and legal issues
When you undergo Gender Confirmation Surgery, your state may record your gender as female, male, or not specified. For a gender change in India to be valid, it must be announced in the weekly Gazette. Consult a legal matter expert to ensure that all legal requirements are met seamlessly and no mistakes are made.