Public Interest Litigation

A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a practice or technique that focuses on providing protection to citizens. It is the primary objective of this school of jurisprudence – PIL – to protect the people of this nation. In addition, before diving deep into the intricacies of PIL, let’s understand what it is and why it’s valuable.

Meaning and Definition of Public Interest Litigation

The above paragraph also states that the public interest litigation is initiated by a group of people. There are a number of people who belong to the country in which the lawsuit is filed. Furthermore, PIL allows the following parties to file litigation: an individual; or a group of people. 

Furthermore, this individual or group of individuals can directly file an interest lawsuit with the Supreme Court. There are several courts in India that are capable of accepting litigation files, including the Supreme Court of India, as well as the High Courts and the Judicial Members.

Moreover, it is important to note that the person or people who are filing the petition should have no interest in the litigation. Thus, petitioners should not file a litigation petition based on their own agenda. It will only accept the litigation if it is in the public interest.

Importance of the Public Interest Litigation

Some of the critical importance and scope of the PIL are as follows:

  • Public interest litigation provides a wider scope promoting the right to equality.
  • Not only does it promote equality, but it also ensures right to life and personality. Part III of the Constitution of India guarantees right to quality, life, and personality.
  • PIL is solely responsible for providing relief and remedies of the writ jurisdiction.
  • The public interest litigation practice functions as an effective instrument for changing society and ensuring welfare.
  • Also, with the help of the public interest litigation, anyone can seek remedy on behalf of the under-privileged class by introducing the public interest litigation.
  • Apart from the obvious importance of the PIL, here is why it is valued as highly as it is.

The PIL can do the following:

  • Clarify the Indian societal law.
  • Assuring transparency and fairness within their legal mandates by making appropriate decisions and acting fairly.
  • Assist in developing laws by allowing judges to interpret laws accurately.
  • Speak up for the voiceless and vulnerable by bringing attention to an important topic.
  • Providing a platform for vulnerable people to protect their rights and exercise them.
  • Inspire public debates and make media coverage more accurate by bringing societal issues to light.

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